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The BfE as nuclear regulatory authority

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The disposal of radioactive waste must comply with high safety requirements to exclude risks to man and environment on the short and on the long term. The organisational restructuring in the field of radioactive waste disposal provides for the responsibility for nuclear regulatory control is with the Federal Office for the Safety of Nuclear Waste Management (BfE). It has the task to control and survey compliance with laws and regulations relating to nuclear energy (especially atomic energy and radiation protection law) with respect to the erection, operation, and decommissioning of a radioactive waste repository and the Asse II mine.

The Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) has the overall political responsibility in the field of radioactive waste disposal. Within the framework of its technical and legal supervision, the Ministry supervises the Federal Office for the Safety of Nuclear Waste Management and, as a partner, in future also the Federal Company for Radioactive Waste Disposal (Bundesgesellschaft für Endlagerung mbH - BGE).

Tasks of the nuclear regulatory authority

The Federal Office for the Safety of Nuclear Waste Management (BfE) surveys the relevant operations under nuclear and radiation protection law in the Morsleben repository for radioactive waste (ERAM) located in Saxony-Anhalt, in the Konrad repository under construction located in Lower Saxony and in the Asse II mine, which is also located in Lower Saxony. Thus it is ensured that the repositories and the Asse mine are operated in compliance with the legal and technical requirements. Among the authority's tasks are the surveillance of measures required for the construction, operation and decommissioning of these repositories and of the Asse II mine. Furthermore, the BfE surveys the radiological measurements in the facilities' vicinity and verifies the reliability of the operator's and executing companies' employees.

Responsibilities regarding the surveillance of repositories

Legislature has entrusted the BfE with the responsibility for the nuclear supervision of compliance with the applicable nuclear and radiation protection regulations for radioactive waste repositories and the Asse II mine. The basis for this is are the provisions of the Basic Law and the Atomic Energy Act.

© Federal Office for the Safety of Nuclear Waste Management