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Responsibilities regarding the surveillance of repositories

With the "Act on the Realignment of the Organisational Structures in the Field of Radioactive Waste Disposal", the federal government reorganised responsibilities in the field of radioactive waste disposal on 30 July 2016. Responsibilities are now further clarified and tasks can be performed more efficiently.

The Act provides that the federal tasks of surveillance and licensing in the field of nuclear energy, interim storage, repository site selection and repository surveillance be concentrated in one authority - the Federal Office for the Safety of Nuclear Waste Management (BfE). Thus, the BfE has become the central, operator-independent nuclear licensing and regulatory authority.

Compliance with the nuclear regulations concerning radioactive waste disposal

To ensure that nuclear regulations are complied with in radioactive waste disposal, the following authorisation and surveillance system is now effective in Germany:

  • The Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) has the overall political responsibility in the field of radioactive waste disposal. Within the framework of its technical and legal supervision, the Ministry supervises the Federal Office for the Safety of Nuclear Waste Management (BfE) and, as partner, in future also the Bundesgesellschaft für Endlagerung mbH (BGE - Federal Company for Radioactive Waste Disposal).
  • The BfE is the nuclear regulatory authority for the Konrad and Morsleben repositories and for the Asse II mine.
  • The BGE combines in future the previous operator tasks of the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS), the German Company for the Construction and Operation for Waste Repositories (DBE) and of the Asse-GmbH. The federally-owned company plans, erects, closes and operates radioactive waste repositories. Among the company's future tasks is the search for a repository site for high-level radioactive waste in Germany.
  • The federal states of Lower Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt continue to be the nuclear licensing authorities and responsible for mining supervision of the projects Asse, Konrad and Morsleben. Regarding the Konrad repository, the responsibility of the federal states ceases when it has been taken into operation and, regarding the Morsleben repository, with the completion of the pending plan-approval procedure for decommissioning.

This licensing and surveillance system ensures compliance with the regulations effective for radioactive waste disposal.

State of 2017.02.15

© Federal Office for the Safety of Nuclear Waste Management