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Man uses radioactive substances in manifold ways, e.g. for power generation, in the medical field and in industry. In doing so, radioactive waste arises which must be disposed of safely because of the hazards associated with it. In Germany the federation is responsible for final disposal. Emplacement in deep mines and subsequent permanent sealing is considered a suitable solution for the disposal of all types of radioactive waste in Germany.

Map depicting the Asse, Morsleben and Konrad

Introducing the concept of final disposal

In Germany, one differentiates in terms of disposal between heat-generating radioactive waste and waste with negligible heat generation. The nuclear supervision of existing repository and decommissioning projects is bundled in one authority, the BfE. In the future, BfE will also regulate and supervise the site search for a repository for high-level radioactive waste.

Icon site selection in Germany

Site selection

World-wide, no repository is being operated to dispose of high-level radioactive waste. In 2013, the Repository Site Selection Act became effective in Germany. The objective of the repository site selection procedure is to find a site for a geological repository - especially for high-level radioactive waste - in a science-based and transparent procedure.

Icon Endlagerüberwachung

Repository surveillance

The disposal of radioactive waste must comply with high safety requirements to exclude risks to man and environment on the short and on the long term. The organisational restructuring in the field of radioactive waste disposal provides for the responsibility for nuclear regulatory control is with the Federal Office for the Safety of Nuclear Waste Management (BfE). It has the task to control and survey compliance with laws and regulations relating to nuclear energy (especially atomic energy and radiation protection law) with respect to the erection, operation, and decommissioning of a radioactive waste repository and the Asse II mine.

The Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) has the overall political responsibility in the field of radioactive waste disposal. Within the framework of its technical and legal supervision, the Ministry supervises the Federal Office for the Safety of Nuclear Waste Management and, as a partner, in future also the Federal Company for Radioactive Waste Disposal (Bundesgesellschaft für Endlagerung mbH - BGE).

© Federal Office for the Safety of Nuclear Waste Management