- Nuclear installations in Germany
- Safety in nuclear energy
- Legal bases
- Licensing and supervision
- Safety philosophy
- Precautions and emergency response
- National committees
- International co-operation
- Reportable events
- Reporting procedure
- Incident registration centre
- International Nuclear Event Scale (INES)
- Reportable events in nuclear installations
- Reports on reportable events
- Shutdown and decommissioning
- Nuclear accidents
- What is nuclear waste management?
- Design approvals of transport packages
- Interim storage facilities
- What are interim storage facilities?
- Licensing of interim storage facilities for nuclear fuels
- Central interim storage facilities
- Decentralised interim storage facilities
- Interim storage facilities for radioactive waste with negligible heat generation
- Federal custody of nuclear fuels
- What is nuclear waste management?
- Foundation and development
- President of the BfE
- Laws and regulations
- Frequently applied legal provisions
- Handbook nuclear safety and radiation protection
- 1A Nuclear and radiation protection law
- 1B Other laws
- 1C Transport law
- 1D Bilateral agreements
- 1E Multilateral agreements
- 1F EU law
- 2 General administrative provisions
- 3 Announcements of the BMU and the formerly competent BMI
- 4 Relevant provisions and recommendations
- 5 Nuclear Safety Standards Commission (KTA)
- 6 Key committees
- Annex to the NS Handbook
- A 1 English translations of laws and regulations
- Dose coefficients to calculate radiation exposure
- Legal Basis
- BfE Topics in the Bundestag
How does the approval procedure work?
The transport of radioactive material is subject to strict national and international provisions in order to ensure the protection of persons, property and the environment. This protection goal is mainly achieved by the concept of the
"safe package", the package being the packaging with the radioactive contents.
This concept comprises different types of packages:
- Excepted packages (e.g. for clinical reagents)
- Industrial packages type IP-1, type IP-2 and type IP-3 (e.g. for radioactive waste)
- Type A packages (e.g. for radiopharmaceutical products)
- Type B packages (e.g. for spent fuel and high-activity radioactive sources)
- Type C packages (for the transport of radioactive material with an activity exceeding a certain level transported by air)
- Packages containing fissile material (e.g. for unirradiated fuel)
There are different safety-related requirements on the packages, depending on the type and amount (risk potential) of the radioactive material to be transported. They range from general requirements on packages with very limited contents (excepted packages) up to “accident-proof” packages containing radioactive material with high activity (type B and type C). There are additional requirements on packages containing fissile material, to guarantee the criticality safety (that is the generation of a nuclear chain reaction is to be ruled out) during the transport.
The design characterises the exact description of the package, containing, among others,
- Descriptions of contents and packaging,
- Design drawings and
- Material specifications
Proof of a package design fulfilling all safety-related requirements needs to be furnished in the package design safety report. One differentiates between package designs requiring competent authority approval and those not requiring competent authority approval.
High safety-related requirements exist on the transport of radioactive material representing an enhanced risk potential. The design of the packages for this material is subject to approval. Among them are type B and type C packages as well as packages containing fissile material. These approvals are granted by the Federal Office for Safety of Nuclear Waste Management (BfE). BfE has taken over this task on 30. July 2016 from the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS) that had been responsible until then.
Designs of packages lower requirements are posed on due to the limited contents of radioactive material (e.g. type IP casks for waste with negligible heat generation) do not require competent authority approval. However, documented evidence proving the fulfilment of all safety-related requirements of the dangerous goods provisions to be applied must also exist for these designs.
State of 2018.06.06