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Nuclear installations in Germany

The term "nuclear installations" summarises all installations for which a licence according to § 7, paragraph 1 and to § 6, paragraphs 1 or 3 of the Atomic Energy Act was granted. Nuclear installations comprise

The Federal Office for the Safety of Nuclear Waste Management (BfE) provides reports on and surveys of nuclear installations in Germany. It took over this task on 30 July 2016 from the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS) that had been responsible until then:

Kernkraftwerk Grohnde

Nuclear power plants

In nuclear power plants heat is generated in the reactor core by controlled nuclear fission. The heat is taken up by a coolant and produces steam. The steam is driving a turbine that is coupled to a generator finally producing electricity.

In Germany there are 7 operating nuclear power plants therof 6 are pressurized water reactors (PWR) and 1 is a boiling water reactor (BWR).

Gorleben Transport Cask Storage Facility

Fuel supply and waste management

The key raw material for the use of nuclear energy in nuclear reactors is uranium. Nuclear fuel supply encompasses the different stages from uranium mining up to the production of fuel elements. After having been used in the reactor, the fuel elements are spent and need to be disposed of. The procedural steps to treat, reprocess and dispose of the spent fuel elements are collectively referred to as spent nuclear fuel management.

Research Reactor Geesthacht Unit 1 (FRG-1))

Research reactors

Research reactors serve as neutron source for science, research and manifold technical, medical and other industrial applications as well as for training and further education.

© Federal Office for the Safety of Nuclear Waste Management